Building Materials: Brick

Posted by Yusuf on May 13th, 2023 — Posted in News


According to the dictionary, a brick – it is an artificial stone produced in the form of bars of clay. Bricks used for construction of buildings. Depending on the composition and technology of brick is clay and calcium silicate. Produce ceramic firing clay and its mixtures, silicate made from sand, lime and additives used in place of kiln – autoclave. Adding different pigments can be achieved in silica brick any desired shade. Clay and calcium silicate bricks have different guests.

Ceramic brick is an ordinary (or building) as well as the front (facing), but there is a special brick oven. Private used for different masonry with the following plaster. Facing (Front) brick – smooth, flat surfaces, one color tone. Often face brick manufactured hollow (this makes it "warmer"). Facing brick may be textured (patterned) and style (of different profiles for the construction of complex shapes). Kiln brick can have different sizes. In the firebox of the fireplace lay fireclay brick, designed for temperatures above 1000 C. He has sandy-yellow with a granular structure.

Knowing what use is that kind of brick, you can calculate the optimal construction costs. Ceramic bricks have a certain size – 250 x 120 x 65 mm. The thickness can vary, for example, single – 65 mm or one and a half – 88 mm. So-called ceramic stone is larger – 250 x 120 x 138 mm. The color of brick is associated with the composition of the clay. clay (most of them) after firing give classic brick red. clay give the white or yellow brick. Pigment additives give change brick color (the color should match state standards). Facing brick can be hollow or full-bodied, depending on the presence of voids in it. Ceramic stone – always hollow. Hollow brick masonry gives less thick wall, with normal insulation. Also, it gives less stress to the foundation. There are some disadvantages. If the holes in the masonry (void) gets a solution, hollow brick turns into a "cold". To prevent this, take a brick with a smaller diameter holes and use a viscous solution. Porous structure of the brick – it was his "winterized" and sound insulation, a brick is called porous. Brick, of course, should be strong. Mark Brick – an indicator of its strength. It is denoted as M and the digital value. K example, the brand M100 means that a brick is ready to take a load of 100 kg per 1 sq. cm. Bricks are usually grade from 75 to 300. Frost resistance – is also an important characteristic of the brick. We tend to produce bricks with exponent frost at least 35 cycles. To save all the necessary properties of brick is important to its proper production. Brick Litos possesses high quality and suitable for different climatic conditions. In particular, it can withstand temperatures up to – 50 C. Facing brick Litos – modern technology, perfect shape, texture and color variation and versatility.

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